President Barack Obama declared unequivocal
support for gay marriage on Wednesday, becoming the first president to
endorse the politically explosive idea and injecting a polarizing issue
into the 2012 race for the White House.
Obama's announcement, after refusing to take a
clear stand for months, cheered gay rights groups who have long urged
him to support gay marriage. It also opened up a distinct area of
disagreement with Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, who
opposes gay marriage.
Polling suggests the nation is evenly divided on the issue
"I have hesitated on gay marriage in part
because I thought that civil unions would be sufficient," Obama said in
an interview with ABC at the White House. He added that, "I was
sensitive to the fact that for a lot of people the word 'marriage' was
something that invokes very powerful traditions, religious beliefs and
Now, he said, "it is important for me personally to go ahead and affirm that same-sex couples should be able to get married."
The president's decision to address the issue
came on the heels of a pair of events that underscored the sensitivity
of the issue.
Vice President Joe Biden said in an interview
on Sunday that he is completely comfortable with gays marrying, a
pronouncement that instantly raised the profile of the issue. And on
Tuesday, voters in North Carolina - a potential battleground in the fall
election - approved an amendment to the state constitution affirming
that marriage may only be a union of a man and a woman.
The president has already supported a number
of initiatives backed by gays, including an end to the military's "don't
ask, don't tell" policy, and a decision not to defend in court a
federal law that was designed as an alternative to gay marriage.
He had stopped short of supporting gay marriage, though, saying his position was "evolving."
Obama spoke about his support for gay
marriage in deeply personal terms, saying his young daughters, Malia and
Sasha, have friends whose parents are same-sex couples.
"Malia and Sasha, it wouldn't dawn on them
that somehow their friends' parents would be treated different," Obama
said. "It doesn't make sense to them and frankly, that's the kind of
thing that prompts a change in perspective."
Obama said first lady Michelle Obama also was involved in his decision and joins him in supporting gay marriage.
"In the end the values that I care most deeply about and she cares most deeply about is how we treat other people," he said.
Acknowledging that his support for same-sex
marriage may rankle religious conservatives, Obama said he thinks about
his faith in part through the prism of the Golden Rule - treating others
the way you would want to be treated.
"That's what we try to impart to our kids and
that's what motivates me as president and I figure the most consistent I
can be in being true to those precepts, the better I'll be as a as a
dad and a husband and hopefully the better I'll be as president," Obama
The political cross-currents are tricky.
Some top aides argued that gay marriage is
toxic at the ballot box in battleground states like North Carolina and
Virginia because, as Tuesday's vote proved, the issue remains a reliable
way to fire up rank-and-file Republicans. It also could open Obama up
to Republican criticism that he was taking his eye off the economy,
voters' No. 1 issue.
Other Democratic supporters claim Obama could
energize huge swaths of the party, including young people, by voicing
his support for gay marriage before November. He also could appeal to
independent voters, many of whom back gay marriage, and he could create
an area of clear contrast between himself and his Republican rival as he
argues that he's delivered on the change he promised four years ago.
On Tuesday, former Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell, a Democrat, told Obama to "man up" and take a position on gay marriage.
Romney has not generally raised the issue in his campaign.
On Wednesday, he told KDVR-TV in Denver that
"I do not favor marriage between people of the same gender, and I do not
favor civil unions if they are identical to marriage other than by
name. My view is the domestic partnership benefits, hospital visitation
rights, and the like are appropriate but that the others are not."
The Romney campaign did not respond to questions about which benefits the Republican candidate would oppose.
The former Massachusetts governor told an
Ohio television station Monday that he believes "marriage is between a
man and a woman, and that's a position I've had for some time and I
don't intend to make any adjustments at this point - or ever, by the
Public opinion on gay marriage has shifted in
recent years, with most polls now finding the public evenly split,
rather than opposed.
A Gallup poll released this week found 50
percent of all adults in favor of legal recognition of same-sex
marriages, marking the second time that poll has found support for legal
gay marriage at 50 percent or higher. Majorities of Democrats (65
percent) and independents (57 percent) supported such recognition, while
most Republicans (74 percent) said same sex marriages should not be
Six states - all in the Northeast except Iowa
- and the District of Columbia allow same sex marriages. In addition,
two other states have laws that are not yet in effect and may be subject
AP Deputy Director of Polling Jennifer Agiesta and Philip Elliott in Colorado contributed to this report.
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